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Friday, November 16, 2018

8 Dangerous Products Parents Should Think Twice About Before Buying



Raising children can be the most joyous time in our lives. We have a primal urge to keep them safe and happy. Some consumer products have been proven to increase the incidence of childhood injuries, and unfortunately, fatalities. As with anything in life, if due care is taken, risks of injuries can be reduced.

In order to help raise awareness and keep our children safe, we at Bright Side have compiled a list of products that require an increased level of caution.

1. Laundry detergent pods

Laundry detergent pods, if eaten, can cause poisoning and burns to the mouth, throat, and stomach. Other than ingestion, if the liquid leaks or is squeezed from the pod, it can cause severe skin and eye irritation and burns. It can also cause damage to the lungs if your child happens to breathe it in.

If you suspect your child has ingested or been in contact with an open detergent pod, call poison control for advice.

2. Balloons and other small objects

Balloons may brighten up a party, but they actually cause more childhood deaths than any other toy. Balloons, particularly those made of latex, conform to the shape of the narrow windpipe in children, leading to choking. Other small objects such as batteries, magnets, marbles, and bottle-caps, for example, can also lead to occlusions of the windpipe.

If your child is choking, try giving them several firm blows to their upper back while they are in a forward position, call an ambulance, and then follow these steps.

3. Pet food

Generally, pet food isn’t poisonous to humans, however, there have been cases of children becoming sick after ingesting dry cat or dog food. The biggest danger comes from dry food pellets for larger dogs combined with small, inquisitive children which can be a choking hazard.

Again, if your child is choking, try giving them several firm blows to their upper back while they are in a forward position, call an ambulance, and then follow these steps.

4. Toys with propellers

With the rising popularity of small, hand-operated drones comes the increased risk of injury, as this child found out when his eye was cut by a drone propeller.

With proper safety precautions, these can indeed be fun toys to play with. Follow these drone safety tips to minimize the risk of harm.

5. Trampolines

Trampolines can be a fun addition to the family backyard, but naturally, don’t come without risks. According to the EU Injury Database, approximately 51,000 children aged 0-14 require an emergency department visit every year due to injuries sustained from using a trampoline. That number is closer to 250,000 in the United States.


Follow these trampoline safety tips to help keep your children safe.

6. Toy chests

If your child’s toys are kept in a chest with a heavy lid, it might be best to either remove the lid or use open storage boxes. Heavy lids pose an injury risk if the toddler were to have a body part reaching into the chest and the open lid wasn’t secured. There have even been cases of suffocation when a child has become trapped within the box.

Fortunately, most modern toy chests have added safety elements to help prevent injury. Open boxes and play areas can be a safer alternative.

7. Certain houseplants

Houseplants can be aesthetically pleasing for your home and garden, but some can be quite toxic and even lethal if eaten. Philodendron, oleander, and peace lilies are just 3 common examples. Check this extensive list here for toxic and non-toxic household plants.

Call poison control or an ambulance if you think your child has ingested anything unusual.

8. Candy and costumes


With Halloween having recently passed, many people around the world were involved in dressing-up and eating candy. Trick-or-treating is a fun activity for the entire family and should continue to be considered as such. Any candy should be checked, if anything, to judge whether it could be a choking hazard depending on the age of your child. There have been reports of candy being “poisoned” but this has been found to be false. Sour hard candies like Warheads have also been reported to have caused burns and erosion to children’s mouths, so proceed with caution or avoid them altogether.

Costumes are also a big part of Halloween and other special occasions, and kids of all ages love to dress up. Parents should keep in mind that there have been incidents of costumes catching firedue to the types of materials they’re made of.

With all this in mind, we only want Halloween and other activities to remain fun and family-oriented as they’re meant to be.

If your child requires emergency medical attention please call your local emergency telephone number. Worldwide emergency numbers can be found here.

What other dangerous or potentially hazardous things do you know of? Share them in the comments — let the rest of the world know what to be careful of!

Ref:https://brightside.me/inspiration-family-and-kids/8-dangerous-products-parents-should-think-twice-about-before-buying-645310/?utm_source=fb_brightside&utm_medium=fb_organic&utm_campaign=fb_gr_enjoy_science


China Chongqing express car spontaneous combustion tens of thousands of double 11 express all burned

Nov 15,2018


"Sorry! Your courier has been burned!" China's Alibaba double 11 shopping boom just passed, it is the turn of the courier to send parcels around the country, but Chongqing has a car express on the highway spontaneously ignited, tens of thousands of express delivery Was destroyed.

According to "Chongqing Evening News" quoted by "Phoenix Net", the local police received a report after 7:00 in the morning yesterday (14th), saying that a car was spontaneously ignited on the expressway.

The driver of the fire express vehicle said that he suddenly found smoke in the rear of the vehicle during the driving, and immediately stopped to stop and prepare himself to extinguish the fire. But when he opened the car, he found that the fire was very strong, so he quickly called for help.

When the law enforcement officers rushed to the scene, they saw that the vehicles parked in the emergency lane smoked and smoked. The fire was getting more and more fierce, and the scene was immediately controlled. Firefighters also rushed to the scene to extinguish the fire, and the fire was quickly extinguished. However, because the express package is flammable, the full car express is burned. The cause of the fire is still under investigation.

Who will pay for tens of thousands of packages?

"Xiamen Net" quoted "Chongqing Evening News" report, the driver said after the fact, it is not clear how many pieces of express delivery on the car, the estimated weight of three or four tons. And this batch of goods has more small items, so it is possible to reach up to tens of thousands of express delivery.

Most of the express delivery of this vehicle is to be sent to Guang'an City, Sichuan Province and its surrounding areas. I believe many buyers will be affected.

The courier company said that all express parcel information can be traced through records. The company has set up a claims team to count the number and loss of specific goods, and actively contact customers to deal with compensation matters.

According to the reporter of Chongqing Evening News, online shopping orders are usually compensated according to the order price because the price is clear.

The courier company involved said that the staff will take the initiative to contact the sender for the identification of the shipment that was damaged in the accident. The sender can also check if the item is affected by the order number.

Tang Bin, a lawyer of Chongqing Jingyou Law Firm, analyzes who will be compensated for the final loss and must determine the cause of the fire.

However, buyers who are affected by the incident and fail to receive the goods on time can apply for a late receipt and require the seller to re-deliver. If you do not want to continue to purchase goods, you can also apply for a full refund from the seller.

E-commerce is must-go in ASEAN and Asia Region.

https://www.cccs.gov.sg/-/media/custom/ccs/files/media-and-publications/publications/inhouse-publication/ccs_ecommerce-handbook_2017.PDF



State Counsellor calls on businesses to invest in Myanmar, pledges to bring good returns.

Aung San Suu Kyi Call on ASEAN to invest in Myanmar.

 

 STATE Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, who is currently in Singapore, delivered a keynote speech at the ASEAN Business and Investment Summit-2018 in Singapore yesterday evening.

It was attended by members of the ASEAN Business Advisory Council-ABAC, economists, businessmen and guests.

In her speech, she invited foreign investors to invest in the country’s priority sectors including agriculture and its related services, value-added production of agricultural products, livestock production, breeding and production of fishery products, export promotion industries, import substitution industries, power sector, logistic industries, education services, health care industry, construction of affordable housing and establishment of industrial estates.

This is the second time I have taken part in this event, which provides an excellent platform for the promotion of business and investment in Myanmar and ASEAN at large. The theme of my speech will be simply, “Business and Investment in Myanmar and ASEAN”. I would like to start with some background information on Myanmar’s Economy. The 12-point National Economic Policy of the Myanmar Government aims at fostering sustainable development in our country, development that is inclusive and people-centered. Our investment policy supports the implementation of our National Economic Policy and national economic development.

Reform measures have been undertaken to create a more attractive, investor-friendly environment in Myanmar. As you are perhaps aware, The new Myanmar Investment Law was promulgated by the Union Legislature on 18th October 2016 to create a better environment for investment and to bring our economy in line with international and regional agreements, with the technical assistance of the International Finance Corporation (IFC). The new law aims at creating a fair and more level playing field for both foreign and domestic investors.

The new Myanmar Investment Law contains a number of important provisions that will encourage responsible business, support investors to do business with ease, through transparent, simplified and quick procedures. A permit from the Myanmar Investment Commission (MIC) will not be required for every investment project; it is guaranteed that investments will not be expropriated directly or indirectly; income tax exemptions will be granted according to zones and promoted areas; the development gap between the States and Regions will be reduced through power delegation and the establishment of a grievance system.

Subsequent rules were prescribed on 30 March 2017 and the law came into effect on 1 April 2017.

The new Companies Law to provide greater flexibility for operating businesses.

Reforms have been undertaken in every sector throughout Myanmar. Some are highly visible, some are less obvious. Reforms that seek to strengthen macroeconomic management are absolutely essential for economic stability which, in turn, is a strong magnet for attracting increased investment. Such reforms are not naturally visible to most people, but their impact is substantial and longlasting.

An important recent reform which can be considered “revolutionary” is the modernization of the more than one hundred years old Companies Act to reflect the current business and regulatory environment. The Myanmar Companies Law was enacted on 6 December 2017. It came into effect on 1st August 2018 with the implementation of the electronic registry. As a result of the electronic registry, companies can be registered in Myanmar within a few hours by using the MyCO (Myanmar Companies Online) system. The new Companies Law has transformed Myanmar’s corporate landscape and will make it easier for businesses to be registered as companies. It will provide greater flexibility for companies in their conduct of business and the management of their internal affairs, while at the same time ensuring certainty and stability in corporate regulation.

It will also do much to improve the “starting business ranking” which is a main indicator of the “doing business ranking” of Myanmar. Up to now, as of September 2018, over 14,000 companies are reregistered in our online platform and over 4,000 companies are newly incorporated.

Simple, clear and predictable Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)

The Myanmar Investment Commission has been re-organized with a new management team led by Union Minister U Thaung Tun. The new MIC team is now reviewing all processes not only within the MIC itself but also within other government agencies with a view to streamlining and then establishing simple, clear and predictable Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs).

We anticipate that this exercise will contribute to the development of a single window system for use by all investors and businesses who may or may not be registered under the MIC. Such a single window system will go a long way toward addressing impediments faced by investors while at the same time, allow us to provide them with not only pre-investment, but also post-investment, services.

The main purpose of this procedural streamlining, SOP development and single window system creation is to advance not only a favorable but also a predictable, facilitative and friendly investment environment.

Another success story which highlights the type of positive
partnership that can be achieved between our respective public and private sectors is the Thilawa SEZ. I am happy to be able to claim that the Thilawa SEZ has become a crowning success in a very short period of time, receiving a total investment of USD 1.491 billion, a figure that reflects the dollar value of those investments actually entering the economy. Investors from countries such as Japan, the United States, Germany, France, Sweden, Australia, China, India, Singapore, Thailand and Taiwan have invested in the Thilawa SEZ, and there are many more eager to invest in Thilawa SEZ Zone B.

Myanmar’s markets is now in full swing.

Myanmar’s re-emergence comes at a time when the world is facing rising protectionist sentiments, a shift away from multilateralism in favour of bilateralism, and in some cases, even isolationism, and amidst currency and trade tensions between some countries.

Unlike ten years ago, today, Myanmar is exposed to these global macroeconomic shifts in ways never before experienced. Luckily, despite global challenges, the growth outlook for developing Asia in 2018 was recently upgraded to 6 percent, or 0.1 percentage points higher than the rate envisaged in September 2017 by the Asian Development Bank. As part of this developing Asia, Myanmar’s economic trajectory is therefore truly promising.

The opening of Myanmar’s markets is now in full swing. As what has been referred to as Southeast Asia’s final frontier market, Myanmar provides innumerable investment opportunities. Some are plain to see, others are waiting to be found by those with foresight and imagination.

I would like to turn now towards ASEAN business and investments. We, ASEAN Member States are holding together and marching forward to reach our goal with one vision and one identity as one community. For Myanmar, ASEAN plays an important role for economic cooperation. As of September 2018, investments from ASEAN account for about 45 % (US$
35,507.349 million) of total investments in Myanmar, demonstrating the strong economic ties between our country and other ASEAN Member States.

As we all know, the ASEAN Comprehensive Investment Agreement (ACIA) has been signed and investors from ASEAN countries can now enjoy the incentives provided under the terms of the Agreement. The ASEAN-India, ASEAN-China, ASEAN-Korea, ASEAN-Hong Kong investment agreements and the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement have also been signed, and these agreements will bring new benefits for our member states.

I strongly believe that by working together, we will enjoy greater efficiency, productivity, and profits and that better jobs will be created as a result of the global value chains.

I would like to take this opportunity to welcome our ASEAN friends to invest in Myanmar, in such priority sectors as agriculture and its related services, value-added production of agricultural products, livestock production, breeding and production of fishery products, export promotion industries, import substitution industries, power sector, logistic industries, education services, health care industry, construction of affordable housing and establishment of industrial estates.

Investing in Myanmar will bring good returns to us, and to you

As many are aware, private sector development is crucial for the economic development of a country and Myanmar recognizes the importance of promoting the private sector. The Private Sector Development Committee led by Vice-President (1) meets with private investors every month and brings them together with officials from relevant ministries.

A Working Group on improving the Ease of Doing Business Ranking and ten supporting groups related to Ease of Doing Business indicators have also been established with the aim of raising Myanmar’s ranking in the ease of doing business index of the World Bank.

Let me conclude by saying that I am confident that investing in Myanmar will bring good returns to us, and to you.

Monday, November 12, 2018

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights


The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

Download PDF

Preamble

Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people,

Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law,

Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations,

Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,

Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge,

Now, Therefore THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction. 

Article 1.
 

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2.
 

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3.
 

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 4.
 

No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5.
 

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6.
 

Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 7.
 

All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8.
 

Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.

Article 9.
 

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

Article 10.
 

Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

Article 11.
 

(1) Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.
(2) No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.

Article 12.
 

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 13.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.
(2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

Article 14.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
(2) This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 15.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to a nationality.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

Article 16.
 

(1) Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
(2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
(3) The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 17.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18.
 

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 19.
 

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

Article 20.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
(2) No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 21.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
(2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.
(3) The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Article 22.
 

Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Article 23.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
(2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
(3) Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.
(4) Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Article 24.
 

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

Article 25.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
(2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

Article 26.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
(2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
(3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

Article 27.
 

(1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
(2) Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

Article 28.
 

Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.

Article 29.
 

(1) Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
(2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
(3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 30.
 

Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.

Ref: http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/

Myanmar's 'Bengali problem' threatens to embroil the region







Reports say Rohingya militancy now involves foreign fighters, amid harsh reprisals by the army

WASHINGTON •In a region that has seen many a miserable exodus, the Naf river separating Bangladesh and a northern section of Myanmar's Rakhine state has become the scene of yet another.

A bedraggled stream of some 90,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled the northern part of Rakhine state into Bangladesh since Aug 25 - stumbling through open rice fields, fleeing attacks by an army not known for its empathy with ethnic minorities and bent on finishing what its commander-in-chief Min Aung Hlaing calls the "Bengali problem".

With the tinderbox now ignited, there are real fears that Rakhine, after decades of poverty and discrimination against the minority Muslim Rohingya that took a turn for the worse in 2012, is sliding into a potential abyss of grinding ethnic war with far-reaching consequences.


"This seems to be going in the direction of a worst-case scenario - an armed struggle turning into a longer regional conflict," a senior Asian diplomat familiar with the region told me.

The tough response from Myanmar's army, the Tatmadaw, is backed by strident Burmese-Buddhist nationalism feeding off a social media frenzy of often unverified stories of atrocities by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (Arsa) - designated a "terrorist" group by Myanmar's government.

The Rohingya have been in Rakhine state for generations, but have long been seen as Bengali immigrants from Bangladesh who want to grab land and Islamise Buddhist Rakhine state. They have been denied citizenship if they identify themselves as Rohingya. Myanmar insists "Rohingya" is an invented ethnic identity. Hence the "Bengali problem" which army chief Min Aung Hlaing last Friday said was a "longstanding one which has become an unfinished job".

There has been little or no serious attempt by successive governments in Naypyitaw to work on a political compromise. Meanwhile, around 300,000 Rohingya from previous waves of refugees live in squalid, festering camps in Bangladesh.

Rohingya refugees reaching for food being distributed near Balukhali in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, on Monday. The weight of the majority in mostly Buddhist Myanmar is against the Muslim Rohingya, says the writer, and the popular call is for the army to
Rohingya refugees reaching for food being distributed near Balukhali in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, on Monday. The weight of the majority in mostly Buddhist Myanmar is against the Muslim Rohingya, says the writer, and the popular call is for the army to do more - and do it decisively. PHOTO: REUTERS

The weight of the majority in mostly Buddhist Myanmar is against the Muslim Rohingya. The popular call is for the army to do more - and do it decisively.

There has been little or no serious attempt by successive governments in Naypyitaw to work on a political compromise. Meanwhile, around 300,000 Rohingya from previous waves of refugees live in squalid, festering camps in Bangladesh.

These developments were long predicted. For years, South Asian security analysts worried that Myanmar's sustained discrimination against the Rohingya would produce a backlash. The Rohingya tried and failed at militancy before through the vehicle of the Rohingya Solidarity Organisation (RSO). But now the new Harakah al-Yaqin (Faith Movement), which has switched to the English name Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army , has seized the initiative.

Arsa militants' first big attack against Myanmar security units came last October. The violence was "qualitatively different from anything in recent decades, seriously threatens the prospects of stability and development in the state, and has serious implications for Myanmar as a whole", the International Crisis Group (ICG) warned then.

Some 3,000 Buddhist Rakhine villagers fled to towns. Further south, the state capital Sittwe remains stable. But the Myanmar security forces' reprisals were swift, driving many Rohingya across the border into Bangladesh, which officially complained about the influx.

On the morning of Aug 25 came a bigger attack with Arsa militants killing 10 policemen, one soldier and an immigration officer. Regional security sources told The Straits Times about 200 militants, including a smattering of foreigners, may have crossed over from Bangladesh for the attack.

"There are several credible reports of Indonesian fighters especially from Aceh, and Filipinos, fighting with Arsa but the majority of the outsiders are Pakistanis - that is established beyond doubt," said a regional security source.

Details are murky, but this time some Hindus - a small minority in Rakhine state - also claimed to have been attacked either by Arsa militants or Buddhist Arakanese. "This is a new element, a larger dimension of Islam versus the others," warned the diplomat who spoke to The Straits Times.

There were mass evacuations of Buddhist and Hindu civilians, and this time even wider reprisals from Myanmar's security forces against the Rohingya.

Certainly the conflict has long roots, and the Rohingya identity remains contested. However, arguing over a name has become moot. There are bigger things to worry about now.

The Tatmadaw's harsh reprisals will drive more resentful young men into the ranks of the Arsa, which sources say is fuelled by money channelled mostly from Saudi Arabia through Malaysia, Thailand and Bangladesh, and has become the new militant vehicle of choice for angry Rohingya.

"In the squalid refugee camps in Bangladesh, joining the Arsa is now becoming 'farj' - a religious obligation," Professor Zachary Abuza at the National War College in Washington, DC wrote last week, in a commentary for Radio Free Asia.

Arsa's chief on the ground is Ata Ullah or Hafiz Atharullah, Pakistan-born and raised in Saudi Arabia. According to sources, Ata Ullah has also spent time in Mae Sot in Thailand. The militants are thought to have trained in Bangladesh under Afghan war veterans, some of them Rohingya. The Arsa has also been killing Rohingya they suspect of being government informers. It may also have eliminated members of the RSO who did not agree with armed struggle.

Importantly, Ata Ullah has disavowed international terrorist linkages. But intelligence circles worry about what relationship there may be, now or in the future, between the Arsa and Bangladeshi extremist organisations like the Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami, Hifazat-e-Islam Bangladesh and Ansarullah Bangla Team, some of which dream of a greater Islamic Bangladesh, including parts of north-eastern India and Rakhine state.

"Now that (Arsa) has established its legitimacy and capability with attacks, it is unlikely to face funding constraints," the ICG presciently said in December last year. "It seems to be receiving funds from the Rohingya diaspora and major private donors in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East. It may also attract the attention of international groups interested in more than funding."

The Tatmadaw's "clearance" of Rohingya villages - a euphemism for destroying them, as evinced by satellite images and the refugees stumbling into Bangladesh - will play into the hands of radical Islamic groups, analysts say.

"It will encourage fundamentalist forces in Bangladesh," the diplomat said. Bangladesh's government was worried, he said - but could do little because Dhaka does not want a conflict with Myanmar.

"The Myanmar military's default mode is to commit these pogroms," Prof Abuza said. "This is an insurgency that has been created by the Myanmar military."

"My worry," said the security analyst who spoke to The Straits Times on condition of anonymity, "is that this vortex of blood will ebb and flow now, in the region, for at least another 10 years."

Ref:https://www.straitstimes.com/opinion/myanmars-bengali-problem-threatens-to-embroil-the-region

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